Many outlets from our aquifers known as Springs, are now at risk because of Utility practices of Sewer Effluent Discharge (SEF) directly into the aquifer feeding our springs, Truly many of our springs are now at risk. We cannot ignore the impact that increased urbanization and utility discharge are causing impacting our ground water and springs and drinking water. As we require more freshwater to grow our crops and maintain our lifestyles, the necessity of conservation efforts becomes more apparent every day.  The old practice of sending 100% of Spring Flow to the Atlantic ocean or Gulf of Mexico is seen as part of the problem.  The health of the aquifer and Florida’s many springs is directly related to our actions, Sewer Utilities in the urban centers.  Protecting springs and the Floridan aquifer for the future of natural habitats, drinking water supplies and the benefit of the next generation of Floridians is critically important according to Florida Environmental Officials.

According to Florida DEP Officials, "Florida’s springs are some of the most fascinating geological features on the planet. Flowing from the deep Floridan aquifer, their cool, clear waters have provided habitat to humans and wildlife for thousands of years, and have drawn visitors from around the world. We are fortunate to live in a state where we can access these unique, natural resources through numerous State Parks, private concessions and public lands."  It is important that we do not send our best water to the ocean only to recover and de-salt ocean water to send back to the population centers of the state.

According to Environmental Experts, "As we require more freshwater to grow our crops and maintain our lifestyles, the necessity of conservation efforts becomes more apparent every day. The health of the aquifer and Florida’s many springs is directly related to our actions, as individuals, as communities. Protecting springs and the Floridan aquifer for the future of natural habitats, drinking water supplies and the benefit of the next generation of Floridians is critically important".  Now with Amendment 1 the citizens have given the go ahead to save our aquifer.  Buying up out let land is not the answer, buying up lands to stop the input of storm-water rapid drains and SED drain from utilities is at the top of the list for reform.  The Citizens have spoken!

The health of the the People of Florida, the aquifer and Florida’s many springs aredirectly related to stopping the discharge from Utilities disposing of Processed Sewer Effluent into the Aquifer.  We can't blame our citizens for the contamination of Florida's ground water if we allow Sewer Effluent Disposal to enter our aquifers via direct discharge.

Scientist Phelps indicates the Floridan Aquifer is so vast that discharge of a million gallons of processed sewer effluent will not reach Silver Springs from Kanapaha Sewer Plant.  Even 10 million gallons daily would not reach Silver Springs.
Marion County Citizens consider playing by Alachua sewer discharge rules.
1. Considerable funds can be saved by discharge into the Aquifer.
2. Educating the public about pollution seems to deflect attention away from Utility discharge.
3. Sinkhole use along with direct discharge is difficult to track. 
4. Storm Water discharge points in Ocala Florida drainage plan to Silver Springs. 

 Springs Protection Enterprise Zone Committee, Stephen Hunter Chair Ocala Florida
After years of working to bring attention to Utility Discharge problems at springs in Central Florida, the Springs Protection Executive committee is considering "doubling down", and copying the Drill/Dump Practices in order to bring more attention to the punching a hole and spilling stuff into the aquifer.  It saves utilities money to dump into the aquifer.  
If we can't beat them perhaps we should join the forces and let the allegedly polluting our springs and aquifers happen in the short run.   If it gets bad enough, maybe we can clean up the loop holes that Utilities have been using.  
Dumping into a loop hole is cheap and profitable.  Perhaps by expanding the Drill/Dump practice currently used as a cost cutting method to drain unwanted Sewer Effluent and Storm Sewer waste away to springs out flow we could actually save our aquifers.  The practice is thought to contribute the prime total nitrate point source to the springs of Marion and Alachua counties. 
Some environmental experts feel that since we have been unable to even get media and governmental attention to the Drill/Dump problem, we might be able to expand the problem  
In response to the suggestion that Springs set up a similar Kanapaha style sewage effluent discharge point source,  please consider the following suggestions from our Enterprise Zone committee.  We have funding and if we act fast the needed drill rig can be secured in 10 days.  The current Drill Rig  owner may be willing to operate or train our operator.  

We would be able to provide a complete drill/dump service modeled after the Ocala Drainage Well system and the Kanapaha Sewer Effluent System.  Drilling would be in 4" drain holes and depending on volume and pressure the holes would be cased to 50' to 200" and deep enough to take the volume we hoped to discharge at the point of discharge.  Gravity feed volume varies from 240 fpm to 700 gpm under higher pressure. Note: there is potential hammer shock and noise at higher pressure.

We must be prepared to stop the practice if kanapaha and Ocala are forced to stop.  Currently the public has been willing to ignore Drill/Dump because of the perceived cost savings that might be passed on if Spray Field procedures were followed.  Marion County mostly uses spray field procedures and would be able to realize considerable operational savings if Drill/Dump was implemented.

Factors to consider:

*  We must secure required permits do Kanapaha style drill/dump of effluent and to expand practice into discharge of the effluent from Marion County Utilities.  *  We can assume that local print media, the Ocala Star Banner and Gainesville Sun along with FDEP will treat additional drill hole discharge as a "beneficial outfall, and Sub-Aqueous Diffusion Systems with the same approvals as the Ocala and Gainesville Drill/Dump systems currently in operation.  Until we can stop drainage to our springs we might as well join in the Drill/Dump practice. 

*The cost of finding a flowing sinkhole and piping costs can be avoided by localized hole drainage.  * The 17 acre ditch drainage system to Silver River at the Silver Springs Attraction could be replaced by a Drill/Dump solution that would be just as direct but less unsightly as the current parking lot drainage system to the Silver River.  Direct Boil input would mix the oils currently reducing bio mass in Silver River because of Larva Destruction.  Mixed in the boil the hydrocarbons would remain bound to H2O during most of the Silver River trip to the Ocklawaha River.

* Silver Springs flow volume is expected to increase 30% if most water retention is sent directly to the sub aqueous distribution system expansion as proposed.

Benefits are a clear ability to dye check and evaluate the discharge of Sewer Effluent from our own wells.  Funding can be from a portion of the cost savings of spray field discharge currently covered by Marion County tax payers.

* Water retention land costs could be reduced considerably if drains are put in place per the Ocala Utility drains in water retention areas.

*  Deep digging of retention ponds to open up direct karst openings to the aquifer drainage system would save millions.  The Ocala and Gainesville drainage systems to drill holes and sinkholes will provide supporting evidence for projected savings.  We believe the cost savings of a direct hole drainage system to be in the $10,000,000 to $44,000,000 annually.  Actual savings may vary.

 Possible demo drill rig we can purchase for showing possible opportunities to deposit sewer effluent and storm-water in the aquifer in the aquifer.  In the event we can't stop Kanapaha Sewer plant discharges, perhaps we can discharge our own and save a comparable amount of Utility spray field costs for the tax payers of Marion County.

 This entire project hinges on Tom McNiff, Brad Rogers, and Dr Knight's continuing to support the idea that Kanapaha style Drill/Dump into the aquifer is not a problem for our drinking water or springs.  We also may be able to get a N/A category for our utility discharge direct to the aquifer and thereby avoid even being considered in the TDML and Basin Plan.  

Once the plan is underway and algal issues are accepted as acceptable or Non Applicable, we should be able to increase the total N levels to Kanapaha standards and relieve local tax payers of the cost of current operations.  Drilling rig for sale Small but each hole can drain 14,000 gallons per hour up to 28,000 fpm under pressure.  That is 1680 gallons per hour under pressure or 10 million in a four hour shift.  Labor, maintenance, land and permits extra expense.  Drill machine costs under $30,000.

If not under high pressure, 240 gal per minute or 840,000 gal per hour.  This rate would dump 3,360,000 in a 4 hour shift or 10 million in a 12 hour shift.

Larger drainage hole diameter is needed in order to attain flow into karst Aquifer limestone.  Estimates range from 52 inches of dump surface diameter cylender by 1000 feet in order to have enough surface area to dispose of 10,000,000 gallons daily.  Annual plume volume is 4,000,000,000,000 gallons minus conduit flow out of springs and well extraction for drinking and agriculture.  Expect algal growth in springs upon contact with light and carbon sources.  Expect health issues with human and livestock consumption.