Water Czar Bob Burton calls for a shut down of all Storm Water Discharge point source drainage by Ocala, Marion County, Gainesville and Alachua County.

 Silver Springs Drainage is overwhelmed by flow of energy from Sewer Dumping and Storm Sewer discharging within 100 mile radius.


Senator Alan Hays Calls for EPA to butt out of Florida Government. Representative Trudi Williams is set to stop the attempted EPA take over of Florida.  Tenth Amendment Rights are at stake.  We will solve our water issues on our own without tripling utility bills for Floridians. 



Representative Alan Hays Takes Active Role Stopping EPA takeover of Springs Protection.

Rainbow Springs Working Group is concerned about Alachua Kanapaha and Alachua Sink hole discharges now showing up in Rainbow Springs Vents.

Senator Charlie Dean addresses the need for jobs and solving age old utility pollution issues.

The Rainbow River: Water Quality Update - Chris Zajac, SWFWMD 

Chris provided the group with an update on the results of water quality monitoring that his group  

at the district regularly performs. He discussed methodologies used and results obtained. 

Increased nitrates remain the principal threat and fertilize the growth of exotic species such as 

Hydrilla more so than the native eel grasses. Nitrate concentrations now regularly hover around 

2 mg/lt in water emerging from the vents of the Rainbow Springs Group. This nitrate level 

represents about a 20 fold increase over the background levels (about 0.1 mg/lt or less) recorded 

up until the 1960’s and still seen in springs of the Ocala Forest where human influenced land 

uses are minimal. 


Note Chris Zajac of SWFWMD has documented the effect of the Kanapaha Sewer Dumping  by keying in to the suspected Utility Dumping of Sewer Effluent.

The Florida Water Czar salutes Chirs  Zajac as an Environmental Water Hero

Read the report showing Alachua discharge to the aquifer. Keep in mind that this report authorizes discharge of pollutants into a sink hole leading to Silver Springs. See page 10 for the nitrate standard that is Narrative in nature.

 Springs Protection .Com report on the Alachua to Marion County pollution discharge problem.


It is our belief that there is little if any hope of success for Springs Protection in the near future. It appears that the FDEP has developed a bogus scale to measure the input from utilities that is little more than a shell game.  Actually, it appears to be intentionally misleading.

FDEP appears to be using public relations double talk, to mislead the public, as the central thrust of Springs Protection. There appears to be no attempt to reduce nitrogen discharged into our springs.  

The public relations efforts, do help confuse the public about the prime sources of nitrates.  FDEP does not have a nitrogen standard to measure the dumping of hundreds of utilities across the State of Florida.(2)  Parts per million is used for Springs, while an obscure ratio of nitrogen to Phosphorus is used to measure the discharge from utilities that can be several hundred times the level for nitrogen now in our springs.( 1)


Often, Growth reduction is the goal of environmental efforts by FDEP, DCA Water Management District, and Local County, City Utilities.  Growth out side the urban service area is used to dump effluent into the aquifer.  The ratio of urban to rural populations are kept from growing in favor of rural areas.  One man, one vote is the reason.

Cities are left with dwindling wealth and crumbling infrastructure, while suburban areas are prosperous and politically powerful. 

Extreme examples like the villages in Central Florida are a dramatic example of success both environmentally, politically, and economically.  DCA and FDEP use sprawl and over development to describe these successes.  As areas like the Villages become more successful and politically seasoned, they are embraced by FDEP and DCA.   

 Because there is no standard for nitrogen in Florida, total daily maximum load is what ever FDEP approves.TDML of nitrate, any program to measure nitrates is little more than a scam.  Measuring the ratio of nitrogen and p

 FDEP can approve almost any dumping by a utility because the standard is Narrative Only.  FDEP explains away the polluted lakes  because  Florida’s current nutrient criterion is narrative only.

FDEP felt a nutrient-related target was needed to represent levels at which an imbalance in flora or fauna is expected to occur.

 Note: A standard was switched to a target, and the target became a TSI or a goofy measure of chlorophyll and nitrogen phosphorus ratio that could be just about anything from 30 to 60 on this special scale.  See below the scale and system.2

Below is an example of the misleading program where a multitude of hot point sources discharge nitrite rich effluent into the aquifer.  Kanapaha Sewer Plant pumps millions of gallons of sewer waste daily into the limestone pipeline underground, as the U.S. Geologic Survey calls the underground pipeline to the springs and drinking water wells of Marion County just down stream. (2)


 Called the "Alachua Sink", the sink hole in Paynes Prairie is actually the Alachua Dump for the City of Gainesville.  An actual concrete channel discharges waste every day of the year from industrial and sewer plants.  The city found an approved way to channel waste into the aquifer.  


 Alert!  What Happened to Springs Protection that we pay FDEP $16,000,000 annually to keep our springs algae free when they are the polluter ?  FDEP is the actual polluter of the springs.  How Dumb are we to allow FDEP to collect money as the controller of the pollution?  We feel that if FDEP approves the dumping, they are in control and the actual polluter. 

 Should we blame FDEP for 1 part per million nitrates when they allow Gainesville to dump nitrates into the limestone pipeline directly to Silver and Rainbow Springs?

At what point would it be a good idea to stop funding our environmental police?  According to

 Check out this official FDEP report on dumping into the Alachua Sink Hole.



Division of Water Resource Management, Bureau of Watershed Management 




TMDL Report 


Nutrient TMDL for Alachua Sink, 

WBID 2720A 


Florida Department of Environmental approves of the Springs Protection practice of allowing, a wastewater facility and one industrial wastewater facility are permitted to discharge effluent to 

Sweetwater Creek, which is connected to Alachua Sink via a canal.  Springs Protection problem is 1.0 parts per million or 1.00 milligrams per liter (mg/L).


Just up stream FDEP dumps into the limestone pipeline 4.33 milligrams per liter (mg/L)  Very little if any cleaning takes place while the contaminated water is in solution.  How will FDEP ever lower the springs nitrates when they input 400 times as much as is the current problematic amount of nitrate in springs?



FDEP discharges 4.33 milligrams per liter (mg/L) 


Myth: More laws and regulation is needed to keep the Aquifer and Springs from becoming polluted to above the current 1.0 mg/L of Nitrate causing algae growth.


Fact: Cities have strong lobbying influence on our environmental police (FDEP) and the Legislature.  City utilities are allowed to dump directly into the Aquifer, even using Sink Holes as drains.


 Below is the DEP report on the City of Gainesville where the greatest concentration of Environmental Consultants receive Ph.d's through the Environmental Program of the University of Florida writes the Best Management Practices we increasingly must follow as law.


The increased urbanization of the nearby city of Gainesville has contributed pollutants through 

atmospheric deposition, storm-water runoff, and point source discharges.  One domestic 

wastewater facility and one industrial wastewater facility are permitted to discharge effluent to 

Sweet-water Creek, which is connected to Alachua Sink via a canal.  Septic tanks used in less 

developed parts of Alachua Sink’s drainage may also be contributing pollutants to Alachua Sink 

via tributaries to Paynes Prairie. 



1. This research considers the mathematical relationship between concentration of Chla and seven environmental factors, i.e. Lake water temperature (T), Secci-depth (SD), pH, DO, CODMn, Total Nitrogen (TN), Total Phosphorus (TP). Stepwise linear regression of 1997 to 1999 monitoring data at each sampling point of Qiandaohu Lake yielded the multivariate regression models presented in this paper. The concentration of Chla as simulation for the year 2000 by the regression model was similar to the observed value. The suggested mathematical relationship could be used to predict changes in the lakewater environment at any point in time. The results showed that SD, TP and pH were the most significant factors affecting Chla concentration.
Keywords: Qiandaohu Lake, Stepwise linear regression, Statistical model, Chla


TMDL Report 


Nutrient TMDL for Alachua Sink, 

WBID 2720A 

Alachua Sink is classified as a Class III freshwater body, with a designated use of recreation, 

propagation, and maintenance of a healthy, well-balanced population of fish and wildlife.  The 

Class III water quality criterion applicable to the observed impairment is the narrative nutrient 

criterion (in no case shall nutrient concentrations of a body of water be altered so as to cause an 

imbalance in natural populations of aquatic flora or fauna, Subsection 62-302.530(48)(b), 



Because Florida’s current nutrient criterion is narrative only, a nutrient-related target was 

needed to represent levels at which an imbalance in flora or fauna is expected to occur.  For 

lakes, the IWR threshold for impairment is based on the TSI and average color (PCUs).  As 

Alachua Sink has a mean color greater than 40 PCUs, the IWR threshold for impairment is an 

annual mean TSI of 60, unless paleolimnological information indicates that the natural annual 

average TSI of Alachua Sink was different than 60. 


The TSI originally developed by R. E. Carlson (1977) was calculated based on Secchi depth, 

chlorophyll concentration, and total phosphorus concentration, and was used to describe a 

lake’s trophic state.  Carlson’s TSI was developed based on the assumption that lakes were all 

phosphorus limited.  In Florida, because the local geology produced a phosphorus-rich soil, 

nitrogen can be the sole or co-limiting factor for phytoplankton populations in some lakes.  In 

addition, because of the existence of dark-water lakes in the state, using Secchi depth as an 

index to represent lake trophic state can produce misleading results.  Therefore, the TSI was 

revised to be based on chla, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus concentrations.  The detailed 

calculation of TSI was described in the Northwest Florida District Water Quality 1996 305(b) 

Technical Appendix (Hand et al., 1996).  The report also defines the limiting nutrient based on 

the TN/TP ratio.  Phytoplankton communities are considered to be limited by nitrogen, 

phosphorus, or both nutrients if the TN/TP ratio is lower than 10, higher than 30, or falls 

between 10 and 30, respectively.   


The Florida-specific TSI was determined based on the analysis of data from 313 Florida lakes.  

The index was adjusted so that a chla concentration of 20 µg/L was equal to a TSI value of 60.  

A TSI of 60 was then set as the threshold for nutrient impairment for most lakes (for those with a 

color higher than 40 PCUs) because generally, phytoplankton may switch to communities 

dominated by blue-green algae at chla levels above 20 µg/L.  These blue-green algae are often 

an unfavorable food source for zooplankton and many other aquatic animals.  Some blue-green 

algae may even produce toxins that could harm fish and other animals.  In addition, the 

excessive growth of phytoplankton and the subsequent death of these algae may consume 

large quantities of dissolved oxygen (DO) and result in anaerobic conditions in lakes, making 

the conditions in an affected lake unfavorable for fish and other wildlife.  All of these processes 

may negatively affect the health and balance of native fauna and flora.